Five kinds of constraints that could impact a business plan

Five kinds of constraints that could impact a business plan

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Business owners with a clear vision of where they want to go with specific goals and strategies to achieve it will encounter challenges or obstacles that stop their progress. Managers or business owners feel overwhelmed when dealing with issues or making improvements. They need more time or funds to fix the problems they’re experiencing. Many feel their hands are tied, and they aren’t sure how to begin.

Start by facing the harsh realities of your company’s operations. The issues which are staring at you. For instance, you have an overall knowledge of your weaknesses and problems from customers, complaints from employees, a lack of results or financial reports, or even your gut level of frustration. As we’ve discussed, these indicators are caused by poor and ineffective business processes and systems.

In 1984 in 1984, the renowned Dr. Eliyahu. Goldratt, with his work The End Goal, introduced the Theory of Constraints (TOC), a management concept based on applying the scientific method and logic that help companies achieve their objectives. The images of TOC will give you the closest distance between two locations: where you are currently located and where you would like to move.

What Is the Theory of Constraints?

The Theory of Restraints is based on the following: “Every real system, like a business, must have at least one restraint (limiting feature). If this weren’t the case, the system could create unlimitable amounts of whatever it wanted to achieve profits in the case of a company. . .” (Dr. Eli Goldratt).

Also, each business venture has something preventing it from reaching its maximum potential. There is a limitation in the production of sales or output. The limit or constraint defines the performance of the device. The system is raised to the following performance quality by removing or increasing one control.

Here are six types of constraints that may affect a business plan. The solution to your issues is available in any of them, though some might have overlapped.

1.A Logical Constraint: Improper beliefs or thinking can hinder achievement (e.g., the idea that people are the root of the problem when the ineffective system of hiring or training and so on–are the actual issue).

2.A Process Constraint: The output from processes is diminished due to a bottleneck or weak link within the procedure (e.g., work being piled up in a container; the inventory waiting to be processed).

3.A Physical Constraint: Physical components of a procedure often are limited (e.g., the capability of a machine, time or space available; capacity of a person physical barriers like obstructions or travel distances etc.).

4.Self-inflicted Constraint: A company’s rules, culture or policies could affect the results (e.g., the lack of obligation by not hiring more senior employees; or sticking to practices that are “sacred cows” of work methods).

5.A Personal Constraint: Personal trait of a manager or owner could hinder their productivity (e.g., lack of organization, procrastination fear, indecision or incompetence, lack of time, or inability to confront problems). Do you have any thoughts or habits that can hinder your company?

6.An external or market constraint: Obstacles may exist that you have no influence over (e.g., market size, customer attitudes, customer behavior and competition, the economic environment). Adapting to external limitations as time passes by changing your business’s strategy is expected.

Similar to medical diagnoses, the signs of a business concern aren’t always directly related to the source of the issue. Most times, the issue you are experiencing isn’t the issue. A cough is just a sign of a dysfunctional system within the body; the pain or frustration you feel over your company is probably an indication of a more significant issue. Certain constraints (e.g., physical) are more evident than others (e.g., logic).

Take this into consideration: While there can be a myriad of issues in a business system only one aspect through the entire process at any given time is the limiting factor for the whole of the design – the weak link, and the trustworthy source of the limited output.

It is only possible to enhance the output or results of the system by removing the weak link or improving its efficiency. It takes time, effort, and money to strengthen the other chain ties– the other process steps will not enhance the system’s output. The weak link controls the performance of the entire system!

After you have progressed or improved your weak point, a different link or part of the process will become softer and worthy of focus. So, by focusing all your attention on the vulnerable area in your system, you reap the most significant profit from improvements to your business efforts.

Since only a handful of core procedures or systems are driving your business’s performance–and each is only a single constraint at a given time–you can focus on the most important ones. Take the necessary steps to improve your processes and address the new challenge. See your business grow!


The Theory of Constraints is based on the assumption that the system has only one productivity goal. The goal is to improve the system’s output, also known as “throughput,” by removing the constraints that hinder the system’s ability to achieve this objective.

For instance, the efficiency of the sales and marketing process is determined by the amount of money spent on orders. The rate of production of a system is the value of the products sold. For a company, in general, measuring throughput is the total amount earned from selling its services or products.

Many business owners think they must optimize every aspect of their business systems and process (logic limitation). They usually measure their specific functions and reward their performance independently of the general business results.

Surprisingly enough, enhancements in quality or efficiency, even as significant as they may be, sometimes translate into an increase in the total processing capacity. Optimizing a process or system can hurt the following line because it is flooded with excessive inputs.

Making improvements to any part of a process can result in more than output that builds up on top of the weak part, commonly known as a bottleneck. There are negative consequences when the work is piled up or when you feed a process too much. 

Keep in mind that the key isn’t just to get rid of the bottleneck in a specific system but to raise the entire system or process that hinders the efficiency of the whole business. Your core business systems and processes must sync to get the best results. 

In my experience with small-sized businesses, inadequate sales are often the most significant restriction on the company’s efficiency. However efficient the business is with a steady flow of sales through the pipeline, the output could be more satisfactory.

Your costs of goods and overhead expenses result in an annual break-even point for sales for your company. Throughput should be sufficient to cover these costs earlier in the month as it is feasible.

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