All You Should Know About Thyroid Causes, Symptoms And Homeopathy Treatment

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The thyroid is a neck gland that creates hormones that control the metabolism of the body. When the thyroid gland is not functioning properly, it can lead to a condition known as hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid) or hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid). Both of these conditions can have a significant impact on a person’s health and well-being.

Thyroid treatment depends on the specific condition but can include medication, lifestyle changes, and in some cases, surgery. Common medications used to treat an underactive thyroid include levothyroxine, which replaces the missing thyroid hormone, and liothyronine, which provides a quick, short-term boost of thyroid hormone. For an overactive thyroid, treatments may include antithyroid medication, radioactive iodine, and in severe cases, surgery to remove part or all of the thyroid gland.


Autoimmune disorders

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks the thyroid gland, causing inflammation and eventually leading to an underactive thyroid. Graves’ disease is another autoimmune disorder that causes the thyroid to become overactive.

Iodine deficiency

Iodine is a crucial element needed for the production of thyroid hormones. A lack of iodine in the diet can cause the thyroid gland to enlarge in an attempt to trap more iodine, leading to a condition known as goitre. Severe iodine deficiency can also cause hypothyroidism.

Radiation exposure

Exposure to high levels of radiation, such as from radiation therapy for cancer, can damage the thyroid gland and cause it to become either underactive or overactive.

Thyroid nodules

Noncancerous lumps that form in the thyroid gland can interfere with the gland’s ability to produce hormones, leading to hyper- or hypothyroidism. In some cases, the nodules may produce excess thyroid hormones, causing hyperthyroidism.


Surgical removal of the thyroid gland, or part of the gland, can cause hypothyroidism. This is typically done for conditions such as goitre, thyroid cancer, or hyperthyroidism that cannot be treated with other methods.


Certain medications, such as lithium and interferon alpha, can interfere with the thyroid’s ability to produce hormones, leading to either hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.

Congenital disorders

Some people are born with congenital disorders that affect the thyroid gland, leading to hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. These disorders may include thyroglossal duct cysts, thyroid agenesis (absence of the thyroid gland), and dyshormonogenesis (inherited disorders that prevent the thyroid gland from producing enough hormones).


Hypothyroidism symptoms:


People with hypothyroidism often feel tired, sluggish, and lacking in energy, even after a full night’s sleep.

Weight gain

Weight gain is a common symptom of hypothyroidism, as the slower metabolism that occurs with the condition can cause the body to store more fat.

Cold intolerance

People with hypothyroidism often feel cold when others do not, and they may need to wear extra layers of clothing even in warm environments.


Slowing of the digestive system is a common effect of hypothyroidism, leading to constipation.

Dry skin and hair

The skin and hair may become dry, flaky, and brittle as a result of the decreased hormone production in hypothyroidism.

Joint and muscle pain

Joint and muscle pain is common in people with hypothyroidism, as the muscles and joints can become stiff and sore.

Hoarse voice

The vocal cords may become thicker and produce a hoarse or raspy voice in people with hypothyroidism.


Depression is a common symptom of hypothyroidism, as the decreased hormone levels can affect mood.

Slow heart rate

The slowing of the metabolic rate in hypothyroidism can also cause the heart rate to slow down.

Increased menstrual flow

Women with hypothyroidism may experience heavier or prolonged menstrual periods.

Hyperthyroidism symptoms:

Nervousness and anxiety

People with hyperthyroidism may experience feelings of nervousness, anxiety, and irritability.

Rapid heartbeat

The increased hormone production in hyperthyroidism can cause the heart rate to speed up, leading to a rapid heartbeat.

Weight loss

Despite an increased appetite, people with hyperthyroidism may experience weight loss due to the increased metabolic rate.

Increased sweating

Sweating may increase in people with hyperthyroidism, as the body works to regulate its increased internal temperature.

Heat intolerance

People with hyperthyroidism may feel hot when others do not, and they may struggle to regulate their body temperature in warm environments.


The digestive system may work more quickly in hyperthyroidism, leading to diarrhea.

Tremors or shakiness

The increased hormone levels and nervousness in hyperthyroidism can cause tremors or shakiness in the hands and other parts of the body.

Increased appetite

Despite the weight loss, people with hyperthyroidism may experience an increased appetite.

Irregular menstrual periods

Women with hyperthyroidism may experience irregular menstrual periods or no periods at all.

Enlarged thyroid gland (goiter)

In some cases, the thyroid gland may become enlarged as a result of the increased hormone production in hyperthyroidism.

Homeopathy Treatment For Thyroid

Homeopathy is a type of medicine that uses highly diluted natural substances to treat symptoms of various conditions, including thyroid disorders. Some of the commonly used homeopathic remedies for thyroid disorders include:

Calcium carbonate (Calcarea carbonica)

This remedy is used for symptoms of hypothyroidism, such as fatigue, weight gain, and cold intolerance.


This remedy is used for symptoms of hyperthyroidism, such as rapid heartbeat, weight loss, and heat intolerance.


This remedy is used for symptoms of both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, such as digestive problems and hormonal imbalances.

Natrum muriaticum

This remedy is used for symptoms of hypothyroidism, such as depression and weight gain, as well as for symptoms of hyperthyroidism, such as anxiety and irritability.


This remedy is used for symptoms of hyperthyroidism, such as rapid heartbeat, weight loss, and nervousness.


Homeopathic remedies can help manage various types of symptoms of thyroid in women and men. However, it is important to consult with a qualified homeopathic practitioner to confirm the correct remedy and dosage for your specific condition. A holistic approach that combines homeopathy with diet and lifestyle changes may be the most effective way to manage thyroid disorders and achieve optimal health.  It is also important to monitor your symptoms and speak with a qualified medical practitioner if symptoms worsen or do not improve.

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